Evaluation of the Cerebrovascular

  • Carotid Exam: The purpose of this exam is to evaluate the carotid arteries and determine the presence of any narrowing or blockages.  Common indication for those that suffer from carotid artery disease may experience: visual disturbances, dizziness, one sided numbness or weakness in the limbs, or stroke.

Evaluation for the Lower Extremity

  • Lower Extremity Arterial Exam: The purpose of this exam is to evaluate the arteries in the legs and determine the presence of any blockages.  Common indications for people that suffer with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) will generally experience: pain while walking, rest pain, ulcers, and other symptoms.
  • Lower Extremity Venous Reflux Exam: The purpose of this exam is to evaluate the veins in the legs and determine the functionality of the vein valves.  When the valves do not work correctly, one may begin to suffer from a condition known as chronic venous insufficiency (CVI).  Common indication for those that suffer from CVI may experience: swelling, pain, discoloration of the skin, ulcers, and varicose veins.
  • Lower Extremity Venous Exam for DVT (deep vein thrombosis): The purpose of this exam is to evaluate the veins in the legs and determine the presence or absence of DVT, also known as blood clots.  Common indications for those that may suffer from a DVT may experience: sudden onset of pain, sudden onset of swelling, warmth, and redness.

Evaluation of the Abdominal Vessels

  • Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Exam (AAA): The purpose of this exam is to evaluate the abdominal aorta and iliac arteries for any presence of significant blockages and most importantly, aneurysms.  The most frequent complication and danger of an abdominal aneurysm is rupture.  There are no common indicators or symptoms for an AAA, as they are incidentally discovered during a different exam.
  • Mesenteric Exam: The purpose of this exam is to evaluate the blood supply to the large and small intestines, also known as mesenteric ischemia.  This exam determines any narrowing or possible blockages.  Common indications for those that may suffer from mesenteric ischemia may experience: history of dull, achy, or cramping abdominal pain after meals.
  • Renal Exam: The purpose of this exam is to evaluate the blood flow to the kidneys and also the arteries within the kidneys.  This exam determines any narrowing or possible blockages, also known as renovascular hypertension.  Common indications for those that may suffer from renovascular hypertension may experience: controlled or not well controlled high blood pressure.

Other Ultrasound Exams

  • Dialysis Access Exam: This exam is performed on patients with kidney disease that may have a dialysis access fistula or graft.  This exam determines the presence of any narrowing or possible blockages.
  • Bypass Graft Exam: This exam is performed on patients with existing bypass grafts.  This exam determines the presence of any narrowing of possible blockages within the graft.